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 Explanation of fields used in species accounts

Class: The taxonomic class for the species based on NatureServe (NatureServe 2004)

Common and scientific name: The common name and scientific name from NatureServe (NatureServe 2004).

Federal Status: This is a description of the protection status from the U.S. Endangered Species Act administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The following values are possible and are described at http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/statusus.htm#status. See Appendix 2.4 for a summary of Federal Status by taxonomic group.

N No protection status
LE Listed endangered
C Candidate
LE, LT Listed endangered, listed threatened
LE, PXN Listed endangered, proposed nonessential experimental population
LE, XN Listed endangered, nonessential experimental population
LT Listed threatened
PS Partial Status
PS:LE Partial Status:List endangered
PS:LT Partial Status:List threatened
PS:LT, PDL Partial Status:List threatened,Proposed for delisting

Heritage Status: Kentucky State Nature Preserve Commission protection status (see http://www.naturepreserves.ky.gov/NR/rdonlyres/689E5754-0221-4F67-9545-51CE438C0A27/0/ets2004.pdf). See Appendix 2.2 for a summary of Heritage Status by taxonomic group.

E Endangered. A taxon in danger of extirpation and/or extinction throughout all or a significant part of its range in Kentucky
H Historic. A taxon documented from Kentucky, but not observed reliably since 1984 and not considered extinct or extirpated.
N No classification
S Special Concern. A taxon that should be monitored
T Threatened. A taxon likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant part of its range in Kentucky.
X Presumed extinct or extirpated in Kentucky

GRank: Nature Serve Global Conservation Status Rank, Range Rank — A numeric range rank (e.g., G2G3) is used to indicate the rank of uncertainty in the status of a species or community. For more information see NatureServe Conservation Status (http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/ranking.htm#natsub). Subspecies and variety abundances are coded with a “T” suffix; the “G” portion of the rank refers to the entire species.

G1 Critically Imperiled. At very high risk of extinction due to extreme rarity (often 5 or fewer populations), very steep declines, or other factors.
G2 Imperiled. At high risk of extinction due to very restricted range, very few populations (often 20 or fewer), steep declines, or other factors.
G3 Vulnerable. At moderate risk of extinction due to a restricted range, relatively few populations (often 80 or fewer), recent and widespread declines, or other factors
G4 Apparently Secure. Uncommon but not rare; some cause for long-term concern due to declines or other factors.
G5 Secure. Common; widespread, and abundant.

SRank: Subnational or state rank developed by Kentucky State Nature Preserve Commission (KSNPC). A numeric range rank (e.g., S2S3) is used to indicate the range of uncertainty about the status of the species or community. For more information see http://www.naturepreserves.ky.gov/NR/rdonlyres/7B61A56A-C89E-4C02-8E67-82ADC25DE32F/0/SpeciesHabitat2005.pdf. The breeding rank for a non-resident species is coded with a ‘B’ suffix and an ‘N’ suffix refers to the non-breeding rank for a non-resident species.

S1 Critically Imperiled. Critically imperiled in the state because of extreme rarity (often 5 or fewer occurrences) or because of some factor(s) such as very steep declines making it especially vulnerable to extirpation from the state.
S2 Imperiled. Imperiled in the state because of rarity due to very restricted range, very few populations (often 20 or fewer), steep declines, or other factors making it very vulnerable to extirpation from the state.
S3 Vulnerable. Vulnerable in the state due to a restricted range, relatively few populations (often 80 or fewer), recent and widespread declines, or other factors making it vulnerable to extirpation
S4 Apparently Secure. Uncommon but not rare; some cause for long-term concern due to declines or other factors
S5 Secure. Common, widespread, and abundant in the state.
SA Accidental species in the state.
SRF Falsely reported in the literature.
SH Historically known in the state.
SX Extirpated from the state.
SZ Not of significant conservation concern.

GRank (Simplified): Revised from NatureServe GRANK by Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources (KDFWR) staff. Where NatureServe GRANK includes multiple statuses, this field is the single status that best indicates its status for CWCS planning (See Appendix 2.3).

SRank (Simplified): Revised from Kentucky State Nature Preserve Commission (KSNPC) SRANK by Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources (KDFWR) staff in consultation with KSNPC staff. Where the KSNPC SRANK includes multiple statuses, this field is the single status that best indicates its status for CWCS panning (See Appendix 2.5)

G-Trend: Global trend assigned by KDFWR biologists, status may be Decreasing, Increasing, Stable, or Unknown

G-Trend Comment: Global trend comment by KDFWR biologists, describing sources of information about the global trend.

S-Trend: State trend assigned by KDFWR biologists, status may be Decreasing, Increasing, Stable, or Unknown

S-Trend Comment: State trend comment by KDFWR biologist, indicating the source of the information about the statewide trend.

Habitat/Life History: Comments on preferred habitat and life history information relevant to conservation of that species.

Key Habitat: Comments on location and condition of habitat for this species. Descriptions of key habitat areas are described by quadrangle, county, watershed, ecoregion, Wildlife Management Area, or other specific areas.

Guilds: Lists all habitat guilds assigned to a particular species. See also Section 3.3: Guilds and Guild Accounts

Statewide Map: This field is only relevant to electronic versions of this document. Clicking on the hyperlink to the PDF opens a distribution map showing all occurrences as well as only occurrences from 1984 to present.

Conservation Issues: Description of conservation issues affecting this species or its habitats. See Section 3.2: Conservation Issues and Conservation Actions.