An Official Website of the Commonwealth of Kentucky
Mammal CWCS Species List
Download all Mammal Statewide Maps (4.3 MB may be slow to download)
Habitat throughout Kentucky distribution: Cliffline habitat throughout Daniel Boone National Forest is GOOD, other areas (besides those listed below) are UNKNOWN.
Key Habitat Locations (and their condition):
Habitat throughout Kentucky distribution: GOOD, other areas (besides those listed below) are UNKNOWN.
Following Key Habitats (good):
Habitat throughout Kentucky distribution: FAIR
Habitat throughout Kentucky distribution: GOOD
Habitat throughout Kentucky distribution: FAIR
Evening bats utilize deciduous and mixed forest interspersed with cultivated areas. They forage over clearings and farm ponds and along waterways and forest edge (Wilson and Ruff 1999, Choate et al. 1994). Reproductive females have been tracked to species of white oak on Mammoth Cave National Park suggesting maternity colonies were using them. It appeared they were using cavities in both dead and live trees. Most known maternity sites are buildings. Kentucky only has a record of one barn being used, but since states like Indiana and Illinois have several such records (Mumford and Whitaker 1982, Barbour and Davis 1969), it is highly probable more structures are utilized here. Whitaker and Mumford (1982) note that the species apparently used tree hollows for roosts in the past but have become dependent on manmade structures (because of the scarcity of the large hollow trees).
Though the species is not a "cave bat", it is one of many species that takes part in swarming outside cave entrances in the fall (Barbour and Davis 1969, Whitaker and Hamilton 1998). It has long been assumed that evening bats migrate to the southern part of their range for the winter but it is likely that some overwinter in Kentucky. They have been found during the winter in Arkansas (Baker and Ward 1967, Sealander 1960) as well as Missouri (Lynn Robbins, Southwest Missouri State University, pers. comm.). In Missouri, the evening bats roosted in tree hollows throughout the winter. An evening bat was recently documented roosting alternatively in the cavities of two trees from October into November, indicating that the individual would undoubtedly hibernate in Kentucky (M. Gumbert, pers. comm.).
Habitat throughout Kentucky distribution: UNKNOWN
Habitat throughout Kentucky distribution: FAIR to GOOD
Habitat throughout Kentucky distribution: Breeding: UNKNOWN Wintering: Habitat GOOD
Habitat Condition for Kentucky distribution: Good
Habitat throughout Kentucky distribution: Overall POOR, but GOOD in some sites.
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