An Official Website of the Commonwealth of Kentucky
The Commonwealth of Kentucky has three species of rabbits. The eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) rabbit is the most numerous and can be found throughout the state. The Appalachian cottontail (Sylvilagus obscurus) can be found at higher elevations in the mountains of the southeast. It is very hard to tell the difference between the eastern cottontail and the Appalachian cottontail, the most reliable way to distinguish between the two is to examine the sutures or cracks in the skull. The last species that can be found in Kentucky is the swamp (Sylvilagus aquaticus) rabbit, and can be found in wetland areas in the western portion of the state.
Source: Feldhamer et. al. Wild Mammals of North America; Biology, Management, and Conservation. The John Hopkins University Press. 2003